SEO basics for small business owners

by | SEO Blog Posts by HEY Pear, Small Business Owners, websites

SEO stands for Search Engine Optimisation, which is the practice of improving the quality and quantity of traffic to a website from search engines through organic search results.

In simple terms, SEO is the process of optimising a website’s content and structure to make it more visible and attractive to search engines like Google, Bing, and Yahoo. The goal is to improve the website’s rankings in search engine results pages (SERPs) for relevant keywords and phrases, which can result in increased traffic and conversions.

There are several components to SEO, including on-page optimisation, off-page optimisation, and technical optimisation. On-page optimisation involves optimising the content and structure of a website’s pages, such as optimising meta tags, headings, and images. Off-page optimisation involves building high-quality backlinks from other websites to improve the website’s authority and relevance. Technical optimisation involves improving the website’s technical performance, such as optimising page speed, mobile-friendliness, and site architecture.

SEO is an ongoing process that requires regular monitoring and optimisation to maintain and improve rankings in search engine results pages. With effective SEO strategies, businesses can increase their online visibility, attract more traffic, and ultimately achieve their business goals.


As a small business owner like myself at HEY Pear, it’s important to understand the basics of SEO to ensure your website is search engine friendly and visible to potential customers. Here are some SEO basics you should consider:

  1. Keyword Research: Conduct keyword research to determine what phrases people use to search for your products or services. Use these keywords throughout your website content, including in page titles, headlines, and body text.
  2. On-Page Optimisation: Optimise your website’s on-page elements, such as meta descriptions, title tags, and alt tags. Make sure they accurately describe the content and include relevant keywords.
  3. Content Creation: Create high-quality content that’s relevant to your target audience and includes your target keywords. Regularly adding fresh content to your website can help improve your search engine rankings.
  4. Link Building: Build high-quality backlinks to your website from other reputable websites. This can help improve your website’s authority and search engine rankings.
  5. Local SEO: If your business serves a local market, optimise your website for local SEO. Include your business address, phone number, and hours of operation. Claim and optimise your Google My Business listing.
  6. Mobile Optimisation: Ensure that your website is mobile-friendly and loads quickly on mobile devices. This is important, as more and more people are using their smartphones and tablets to search the web.

In order to optimise your website for search engines, it’s important to use effective SEO headers. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

Use H1 tags for your main page title and H2 tags for subheadings.
Incorporate relevant keywords into your headers, but don’t overdo it.
Make sure your headers accurately reflect the content of the page.
Use descriptive language to entice readers to click and explore.
Avoid using generic headers like “Welcome” or “Home” – be specific and creative.
Use header tags in a logical hierarchy to help search engines understand the structure of your content.
Don’t forget to include alt text for any images used in your headers.
By following these best practices for SEO headers, you can improve your website’s visibility and attract more traffic from search engines.


Image optimisation is an important aspect of website optimisation as it can significantly impact the page load time and user experience. Here are some tips for optimising images on your website:

  1. Compress images without losing quality: Use image compression tools to reduce the file size of your images without compromising on quality. Smaller file sizes can improve page load time and reduce website bounce rates.
  2. Choose the right image format: Choose the right file format (JPEG, PNG or GIF) depending on the type of image and its purpose. JPEG is best for photographs, PNG for graphics, and GIF for animations.
  3. Use relevant file names: Rename your image files with relevant, descriptive names that include keywords. This helps search engines understand the content of the image and improve your website’s SEO.
  4. Resize images to the correct dimensions: Resize images to the correct dimensions before uploading them to your website. This reduces the file size and improves page load time.
  5. Use alt tags: Use descriptive alt tags to describe the content of the image. This helps search engines understand the content of the image and improves your website’s accessibility.
  6. Use responsive images: Use responsive images that adjust to the size of the screen on which they are being viewed. This ensures that images are optimised for all devices and improves user experience.


Local SEO is the practice of optimising your website and online presence to increase visibility and attract more customers from local searches. Here are some tips for improving your local SEO:

  • Optimise your Google My Business listing: Claim your business listing on Google My Business and ensure that all information is accurate and up-to-date, including your business name, address, phone number, and business hours.
  • Use local keywords: Use local keywords in your website content and meta tags to improve your visibility in local search results.
  • Get listed in local directories: Get listed in local directories such as Yelp, Yellow Pages, and TripAdvisor to increase your online visibility and drive traffic to your website.
  • Use schema markup: Use schema markup to provide search engines with additional information about your business, including your address, phone number, and business hours.
  • Encourage customer reviews: Encourage customers to leave reviews on your Google My Business listing and other local review sites. Positive reviews can improve your visibility and attract more customers.
  • Create local content: Create content that is relevant to your local audience, such as blog posts about local events or news in your industry.
  • Use social media: Use social media to engage with your local audience and promote your business. Share local news and events, and encourage customers to share their experiences with your business.


Link building is an essential aspect of search engine optimisation (SEO) that involves acquiring backlinks from other websites to your own. Here are some tips for developing an effective link building strategy:

  • Create high-quality content: Creating high-quality, informative content that others will want to link to is one of the most effective link building strategies.
  • Guest blogging: Reach out to other websites in your industry and offer to write guest blog posts in exchange for a backlink to your website.
  • Broken link building: Find broken links on other websites in your industry and offer to replace them with relevant content from your own site.
  • Infographics and visual content: Create informative infographics and other visual content that others will want to share and link to.
  • Participate in online communities: Participate in online communities such as forums, social media groups, and Q&A sites to build relationships and promote your content.
  • Collaborate with influencers: Collaborate with influencers in your industry to create content and promote it to their followers.
  • Monitor your backlink profile: Regularly monitor your backlink profile to identify and disavow low-quality or spammy links that could harm your SEO.
Remember to focus on building high-quality links from authoritative websites, rather than quantity.

Why choose HEY Pear Web Design

Why choose HEY Pear Web Design

Why Choose HEY Pear for Creative Web Design and Development in Cheshire, England Introduction Choosing the right partner for your web design and development needs is crucial. If you’re in Cheshire, England, HEY Pear is the creative studio that can bring your vision to...

Read More 5

Creative Brand Design in Cheshire, England

Creative Brand Design in Cheshire, England

Elevate Your Brand with Creative Brand Design by HEY Pear Introduction In a competitive market, standing out is essential. Your brand is more than just a logo; it's the entire experience your customers have with your company. At HEY Pear, a creative studio based in...

Read More 5